On June 14, 1777, during the American Revolution, the Continental Congress adopts a resolution stating that “the flag of the United States be thirteen alternate stripes red and white” and that “the Union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation.” Betsy Ross gladly accepted her orders from George Washington and put her needle and thread to work.
Over three quarters of a century ago, a 19-year-old, $40 a month schoolteacher, stirred by a deep love of the American Flag, held the first Flag Day exercises in a little country schoolhouse located near Fredonia Wisconsin. Dr. Bernard J. Cigrand is acknowledged as the "Father of Flag Day." He relentlessly continued his activities for more than sixty years to have June 14 designated for the national observance of the birth of the American flag.
Other patriotic groups, including the Colonial Dames and the Sons of the American Revolution, also spent years trying to convince Congress to make Flag Day official. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation stating that June 14 shall be National Flag Day, and in 1949, it was made official by an Act of Congress proclaiming the Flag would be displayed on all government buildings on June 14 and asked the American people to join in the observance of the Flag's anniversary.
Whether you are visiting the Betsy Ross House at 239 Arch Street, Philadelphia, PA, the restored schoolhouse of Dr. Cigrand in Wisconsin, or reciting the Pledge of Allegiance, take a moment to be reminded of the significance of this red, white and blue piece of cloth that has lead freedom across our great lands and beyond.